•Brown trout are divided into Marine trout, Stream trout and Lake trout (due to environmental variations). As such, they are only rarely encountered in Nordic waters. The large Sunfish (Mola mola) has however in recent decades been seen with more regularly in Swedish waters, almost on a yearly basis. [22], The Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) was also once a major food fish, but overfishing in recent decades has endangered the population in Swedish waters. Fish species Sweden is a great fishing country and almost 10% of the country consists of lakes. List of fish encountered in Swedish waters; both fresh water (lakes and streams) and in the marine salt water. The Swedish record weight is 12.007 kg. [31], The order Zeiformes is best known for the dories. Only sporadically encountered in Swedish waters, e.g. a fish. [14], Burbot, the only fresh water fish of this order, is common in the whole of Sweden. Those clothing drenched days were the best. It is a popular game fish because of its tastfulness. The IUCN Red List is a set of certain criteria of the fish population status in Sweden. Like the cod it has been subjected to tough fishing to a degree that has diminished the population. [25], Of the family Triglidae, most species are uncommon in Swedish waters, but the small Chelidonichthys gurnardus (25–30 cm) has in recent decades attracted attentions as a food fish. The herring is common around the coasts of Sweden where it is periodically the most commons fish—the population in the shoals fluctuates greatly every year. Cool Fish Names Their head is armoured with bone plates. Siluriformes, or catfish, are a diverse order of fish distinguished by prominent "barbels", which give the image of cat-like whiskers. Pretty much anything that's small is cute in some way. •Of the various types of catfish, it is the species known as the Wels catfish that is found in Sweden. Stuffed specimens are commons in museums. The only example of a fish from this order caught in Swedish water was a specimens of the Halobatrachus didactylus—a fish native to the coasts of Africa—caught by the shore of southern Sweden in 1820 (specimens preserved). Eels are sensitive of environmental pollution, but the fishing of eel have also increased, especially in French waters. They live solely in the marine, in deep-waters usually in tropical areas, and are only sporadically seen in Nordic waters. Haarshwanz: Pez sable... Volosokhvost: Dab Flounder: Hipplglossiodes platessoides: Karei: Lerskädda. Cutlass Fish: Trichiurus spp. If Sweden had a national food, it would, without doubt, be the cinnamon bun. [13], The Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is another important food fish of Gadiformes. The Lampetra planeri is a closely related species living in small streams, possibly even the same species. Sweden is a country in Northern Europe with a population of roughly 10 million people, about 85% of whom live in urban areas. [15], The most notable families of the order Gasterosteiformes are the sticklebacks. The herring are named locally Sill or Strömming, depending on location of being fished (caught) from. There are approximately 140 species which are native and common in Sweden, plus another 90 which are sporadic, not established or extinct.[1]. Primarily residing in temperate waters they are uncommon in Swedish waters. It is prepared by being smoked.[4]. [9], A third economically important fish of this order is the European sprat (Sprattus sprattus). Generally not native in Nordic waters, but the John Dory (Zeus faber) became an occasional visitor around Swedish coasts by the late 19th century, and has in the latest decades been seen with annual regularity, although not in such quantities that systematical fishing of it is conducted. The Beryciformes are an order of ray-finned fishes. In Sweden, the European river lamprey (Lampetra fluviatilis), living in fresh waters, is the most usual usage of the term lamprey. [28], The Brown Trout is conveniently divided into three species: Marine, Lake, and Stream Trouts. The order Cypriniformes consists of several families of carp-like fishes, the most important being the cyprinids—the carps and minnows. Most epox are caught by sport-fishers; it is the largest fish in fresh waters, with the official record weight (in Swedish fresh waters) being 31 kg. It is commons in the whole country—with the exception of the mountain regions in the north—and commonly encountered around the coast of the brackish Baltic Sea.[20]. In most cases, the official scientific name will be shown italicized, with the first work capitalized. Å Here is the first one of the three extra vowels in Swedish (they come in the end of the alphabet by the way, in this order: å, ä, ö). •The herring are among the most important food fish. Unfortunately, common names can refer to more than one fish. Fermented herring is considered a delicacy by some and generally tinned herring is a common component of Swedish cuisine. The Beloniformes are an order of "horned" fishes. The Baltic cod has especially suffered from a great deal of fishing, which has led to it being classed as endangered. The lamprey is the provincial fish of Västerbotten in northern Sweden. Fish in Swedish waters include those found in fresh waters (lakes and streams) and salt water. As you have probably already guessed, it was named Swedish Fish because it was developed in Sweden. What those names mean, and the reason why so many Swedish last names end with -son, read further below. There have been occasional finds in Swedish waters. There's a ton of controversy over their flavor. The Swedish catch was as much as 82 tonnes in the 1950s, but had decreased to 10–20 tonnes by the 1980s. When searching for information, it is preferable to use the scientific name, which is normally in Latin. It is the provincial fish of Västergötland in west Sweden. This page was last edited on 13 June 2020, at 01:02. The population has now probably disappeared, and the red list denotes it as disappeared (RE). Shoals of anchovies are denoted as native and commons, but the anchovy is primarily native to southern Europe, and the shoals in Nordic waters varies between years. the Magnisudis atlantica has to date been found eight times, the first in 1960 and the last in 1978.[2]. •The Atlantic cod is one of the most important food fish. For sport fishers, the salmon has the foremost position due to its strength and size. Examples of fish that are replanted are salmonids and perch. The most notable species here is the garfish (Belone belone) which swims in large shoals during the summer along the coasts of south and west Sweden, and caught for food or sport. •The European eel has suffered a great deal from overfishing and pollution. It is together with the Thumback ray (Raja clavata) the only cartilaginous fish of economical importance in Sweden.[27]. This is a popular food source, especially in southern Sweden. Swedish Fish History. One of the most famous categories of puns on the internet, and that’s what this Punpedia entry is all about. [21], The Plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) is one of Sweden's most important food fishes. The name Perciformes means perch-like. It was previously thought that the three species were genetically different, but recent studies are now more in favour of attributing the differences to environmental differences. [17], The order Osmeriformes is generally encountered in the Atlantic Ocean as well as other oceans. 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