For more information on issues impacting mule deer populations, visit the Mule Deer Working Group (WAFWA). It’s a problem across the West, blamed on many factors: habitat, predation, changing weather patterns, disturbance from ATV’s and poaching. The DNR sets deer population goals – how much of an increase or decrease is desired in a deer population in a particular deer permit area – as part of managing the state’s wild deer herd. State Farm says in any state, the risk of hitting a deer doubles in the fall, when the animals are mating. Little grass is produced in droughty periods. Mule deer will likely never return to the population peaks of 50 years ago. Rocky Mountain Elk Population Estimates and Herd Composition 2015 - 2019 (pdf) The most recent population peak in Wyoming in 1991, when was about 578,000 mule deer inhabited the state. Back in 2009, ODFW made the commitment to try and do something about Oregon’s declining mule deer populations. Colorado 's deer populations have fluctuated greatly in Colorado's history. Idaho deer and elk hunters should see good to excellent hunting for elk and white-tailed deer, and average mule deer hunting in 2019, but that’s likely to vary by location across the state. California’s Deer Population Estimates Each year CDFW biologists estimate the deer population in California using a computer model that uses harvest numbers along with survey data. However, the success of efforts to stop mule deer declines in Wyoming will depend on public involvement. By 2016, mule deer had declined 31% to an estimated 396,000 animals. Mule deer winter range lies primarily north of the park boundary. The QDMA spatial map depicting deer density (deer per square mile) was digitized across the eastern United States. That leaves you with the … Harvest numbers come from harvest reports submitted by successful hunters and data collected from meat locker records. The State of Montana Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Parks surveys the northern range population outside the park. As such, elk and mule deer would be the primary prey. 2020 RANGE-WIDE STATUS OF BLACK-TAILED AND MULE DEER Mule Deer Working Group. State wildlife managers and wildlife groups are trying to determine what’s behind the declines in western Colorado. Wet years such as 1984, 1985 and 1986 produced good numbers of deer and surveys show an all time high number of deer in the Trans Pecos in 1986 of 221,952. A difficult winter for mule deer fawns took its toll on herds for the second time in three years, which will affect the numbers and age classes of bucks. Two subspecies of mule deer are grouped into the black-tailed deer. However, improved conditions in recent years led to increased fawn recruitment and female survival. Hunting enthusiasts both embrace and argue about these differing metrics, often based on advocacy for their home state or favorite hunting spots. Colorado supports a sufficient prey base for wolves. Mule deer populations have been dropping across the West for several years. 27 Over 430,000 mule deer live in the state. According to Colorado Parks & Wildlife (CPW), the state’s current mule deer population of around 450,000 is about 25% below their objective.Populations have been declining over the last several decades due to human population growth resulting in habitat loss and vehicle collisions, as well as other factors like climate change, malnutrition, diseases like chronic wasting disease, and predation. The population goals established in this process will provide direction for management over 10 years, with a midpoint review every five years. (Texas is big in everything, it seems — even deer!) The Mississippi State University Extension says only Texas has a larger deer population. The plan will be used to help set priorities for statewide mule deer management programs and provide guidance for individual unit management plans. Population. However, improved conditions in recent years led to increased fawn recruitment and female survival. Monitoring fawn survival from December until June, when fawns "recruit" to the adult population, reveals a lot about a herd. Pronghorn Herd Composition 2015 - 2019 (pdf) Pronghorn Population Estimates 2015 - 2019 (pdf) Elk. Some productive habitats support comparatively dense populations, whereas others sustain sparser numbers. The management objective in Metolius is 6,200 deer, Heath said. The deer population in the Metolius Unit, north of Sisters, has declined 40% in the past three years to 3,359 deer. To get this data, we simply divided the states’ deer populations by their total number of claimed square miles. Lack of fawning cover (grasses such as l… The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule. There are many factors that impact mule deer in Colorado these days – an exploding human population and consumption of winter range; a “hands-off” predator management plan; strange and inconsistent weather patterns; and hunting pressure tuned and tailored to a more “opportunity-based” management style rather than a “quality” approach. 28 Colorado also supports over 280,000 elk, the largest elk population of any state. Have you ever wondered how CPW calculates mule deer populations? The all time low of 99,790 in 2000 was preceded by seven years of drought. Poor conditions for deer population growth in the early-2000s resulted in suppressed deer numbers in several parts of the state. For example, densities of mule deer ranged from an estimated <1.2 deer/mi2 on private land in Colfax County to <1.9 deer/mi2 on New Mexico State University's Corona Range and L… Habitat is the key to maintaining mule deer populations. Hunters, wildlife enthusiasts, and other conservationists are joining biologists and state wildlife agencies in Wyoming and Colorado to reverse population declines of one of the West’s signature species—the mule deer.The big-eared deer are found west of the Missouri River, especially in the Rocky Mountain region of North America. The only Southern state in the top 10, Mississippi has an estimated 1.75 million white-tailed deer. Dates Covered The mule deer management plan will be presented to the Utah Wildlife Board on December 5, 2019 28 The largest big game herds occur on the Western Slope. Impacts Come in Many Forms. It's … Game and Fish: Western N.D. Mule Deer Population Increased Western North Dakota’s mule deer population increased 21 percent from last year, according to the state Game and Fish Department annual spring mule deer survey… Winter has long been recognized as a key stressor of mule deer populations. “Throughout Wyoming, mule deer populations have declined by an estimated 168,000 (31 percent) since 2000. As a result, deer populations in New Mexico are stable with most herds experiencing population growth. Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies Abstract: The purpose of this document is to provide a general overview of the current black- tailed and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) population status and general abundance trends throughout their range in North America. Learn more Two species and four subspecies of deer occur in the state. In 2016 an aerial survey detected 1,1,757 mule deer in … Whitetail deer populations can be measured either in terms of estimated absolute numbers or by dividing the deer harvest numbers by the number of deer hunters. This map is a great reference tool for deer managers, gardeners dealing with deer, or anyone with an interest in white-tailed deer. Ensuring the conservation of mule deer, black-tailed deer and their habitat. 1), or mule deer, inhabit areas east of the Cascades in Washington, preferring open forests and sagebrush meadows.During summer, mule deer are tan to light brown; during winter, they are a salt-and-pepper gray. Rocky mountain mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus) (Fig. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus, Figure 1) are one of the most important game animals in New Mexico and the West. This lack of grass production means less ground cover to provide mule deer does crucial hiding places for their fawns. Mule deer are integral to maintaining the diversity and abundance of Wyoming's native species for generations to come, and you can make difference. Beginning in the late 1980s, the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD) began expressing concern over the loss of high quality antelope habitat that was being reduced at an alarming rate due to urban development and human population expansion into rural areas. FORT PIERRE, S.D. White-tail Deer Density Map By The Quality Deer Management Association . https://www.deerbusters.com/white-tailed-deer-population-estimate Oregon. (KELO) — State big-game biologists are considering ways to rebuild South Dakota’s population of mule deer. Throughout the 1990s, the effects of urban growth on antelope populations had become evident, as the number of antelope in the state began to decline significantly. Between the mid-1950’s and early 1960’s, MDIFW estimated Maine’s deer population at 250,000. All other states were looked at and the deer populations were measured to determine which states have the most deer. The Whitetail deer density map is an interactive map utility that features white-tailed deer populations by county throughout the United States. The size of the mule deer population in New Mexico is unknown, and densities of mule deer can vary greatly among areas and over time. managing mule deer populations and their habitats. Although mule deer are highly adaptable as indicated by their wide distribution across eastern Washington, the landscapes used by mule deer vary considerably in vegetative composition and habitat quality and in the ability to support mule deer. Deer population goals will be updated in 15 regional goal-setting blocks that are made of multiple deer permit areas. MDIFW began estimating deer populations in the mid-1950’s, enabling the state to better understand the status of the populations and create a more informed management decision process. Poor conditions for deer population growth in the early-2000s resulted in suppressed deer numbers in several parts of the state. AZGFD recognized the severity of the situation and began implementing manag… Densities of mule deer vary greatly across the species’ range. Mule Deer Population Estimates, Composition, and Over-Winter Fawn Survival 2015 - 2019 (pdf) Pronghorn. B. The renowned White River herd in northwest Colorado has plummeted from more than 100,000 in the early 1980s to the current estimate of 32,000 deer. Recruitment is an important indicator of population performance. Studies, states seek to halt mule deer population decline By BRETT FRENCH Oct 17, 2013 ... “Throughout Wyoming, mule deer populations have … In 2015, Colorado Parks and Wildlife estimated that there were about 436,000 deer in Colorado. Oregon is another state with a large elk population, which is up in the tens of thousands. 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